There are also symbols for disruptions of the ice, such as leads, fractures, and ridged or hummocked ice. In this lesson, you will learn about ice charts.
Vessels handle ice in different ways, depending on size, load, strength, and condition.
Low temperatures and ice constitute a threat to both men, vessels, and cargo. It is crucial to take the right precautions and safety measures.
In winter conditions, vessels must watch their surroundings closely at all times.